Hair dye is a cosmetic used by characters in A Song of Ice and Fire to color their hair and/or facial hair. The colors can be natural shades of human hair, or can be quite outrageous, such as blue, purple, green, scarlet, pink, and orange.
Bright colored hair dyes are not that common in Westeros. Hair dye is more fashionable in the Free Cities, especially in Tyrosh, which is a major supplier of hair dye. There, a unique variety of sea snail was discovered not long after the city was founded. These snails secreted a substance that, when properly treated, yielded a dye that soon became very fashionable among the nobility of Valyria. This led to merchants traveling to Tyrosh by the thousands. Tyroshi dyers quickly learned to produce different colors of dyes by varying the diet of the snails.
After the death of her brother-husband, Prince Aegon the Uncrowned, Princess Rhaena Targaryen dyed the silver hair of their twin daughters, Aerea and Rhaella, to hide them from King Maegor I Targaryen. However, the ploy did not work, as the girls were found by Tyanna of the Tower, one of Maegor's wives and his mistress of whisperers.
In 209 AC, Prince Maekar Targaryen ordered his son, Prince Aegon, that when traveling incognito as the squire "Egg" with Ser Duncan the Tall, he must keep his distinctive silver-gold hair shaved or dyed.
In 212 AC, Duncan and Egg encountered the black-haired hedge knight, Ser John the Fiddler, who was actually the pretender king Daemon II Blackfyre, dyeing his silver-gold hair to remain incognito while traveling through Westeros.
A Clash of Kings
Septa Eglantine puts brown dye in Princess Myrcella Baratheon’s hair when they are aboard the Seaswift, on the way to Braavos. She tells Mycella that it is a game, but Myrcella realizes that it is meant to keep her safe in case the ship is taken by her uncle, the rebel King Stannis Baratheon.
A Storm of Swords
Queen Daenerys Targaryen encounters Daario Naharis, the Tyroshi captain of the Stormcrows, who dyes his hair and beard blue, and paints his mustache gold. After the sack of Meereen, Daario dyes his hair and beard a deep rich purple, which also makes his eyes look almost purple.
Lysa Tully tells Sansa Stark that she looks too much like her mother, Catelyn, and that in order to keep her disguise as Alayne Stone, Petyr Baelish's bastard daughter, Sansa's hair will have to be darkened before she is brought to the Eyrie.
A Feast for Crows
In the Eyrie, Alayne Stone dyes her hair with a wash given to her by her aunt Lysa. The wash comes from Tyrosh, across the narrow sea. It changes her rich auburn hair into a burnt brown, but it is seldom long before the red begins creeping back at the roots. Alayne worries what she will do when the dye runs out.
When Samwell Tarly arrives at Oldtown, the captain of the Huntress tells him that ironmen captured a Tyroshi merchantman on the straits a fortnight ago. They killed her crew, donned their clothes, and used the ship's cargo of dyes to color their whiskers half a hundred colors, meaning to sneak into Oldtown disguised as Tyroshi. However, the oarsmaster of the Lady of the Tower spoke Tyroshi, and discovered the deception when he hailed the ironmen in that language but none could answer.
A Dance with Dragons
Tyrion Lannister meets Griff and Young Griff, a father and son with dyed blue hair. Young Griff says his mother was Tyroshi, and they dye their hair in her memory. Young Griff is later revealed to be the disguised Prince Aegon Targaryen, who allegedly survived his reported death in the Sack of King's Landing.
Some characters who dye their hair
- Princess Aerea Targaryen - hair dyed twice to hide its distinctive silver color
- Princess Rhaella Targaryen - hair dyed once to hide its distinctive silver color
- The Archon's daughter - hair dyed in blue-green
- Racallio Ryndoon - dyed his hair and beard purple with orange streaks
- Galtry the Green - dyed his beard green, in the Tyroshi style
- Daemon II Blackfyre – dyed his silver-gold hair black while traveling incognito through the Seven Kingdoms
During A Song of Ice and Fire
- Sansa Stark – dyes her hair brown in the guise of Alayne Stone
- Griff – hair dyed blue
- Young Griff – hair dyed blue
- Daario Naharis - dyes his hair and beard blue, then purple, and then back to blue
- Princess Myrcella Baratheon – hair dyed brown by Septa Eglantine
- Wylla Manderly - hair dyed a garish green
- Casso Mogat – dyes his hair and whiskers a mossy green
- Moreo Tumitis - has a forked green beard
- The Blue Bard - dyes his curly, shoulder-length hair blue
- Greenbeard - beard is colored bright green, but it is starting to grow out grey
- Sweets - hair dyed purple to match their violet eyes
My mother was a lady of Tyrosh. I dye my hair in memory of her.—Young Griff's lie to Tyrion
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 43, Daenerys VII.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 14, Brienne III.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 19, Davos III.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 26, Samwell III.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 17, Cersei IV.
- Fire & Blood, Under the Regents - The Voyage of Alyn Oakenfist.
- Fire & Blood, A Surfeit of Rulers.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 18, Catelyn IV.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Free Cities: The Quarrelsome Daughters: Myr, Lys, and Tyrosh.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
- A Game of Thrones: d20-based Open Gaming RPG.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 45, Samwell V.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion III.
- Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
- The Sworn Sword.
- The Mystery Knight.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 42, Daenerys IV.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 71, Daenerys VI.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 80, Sansa VII.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 23, Alayne I.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 39, Cersei IX.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 18, Tyrion V.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 22, Tyrion VI.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 24, The Lost Lord.
- Fire & Blood, The Year of the Three Brides - 49 AC.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 15, Davos II.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 13, Arya II.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 47, Tyrion X.