The Red Mountains or red mountains is a mountain range extending over much of southern Westeros. The range divides Dorne in the south from the stormlands and the Reach to the north.
Castles in the Dornish Red Mountains include Blackmont, High Hermitage, Kingsgrave, Skyreach, Starfall, Wyl, and Yronwood. The Dornish mountains also contain the ruins of the tower of joy and Vulture's Roost. There are two principal passes through the mountains, the Prince's Pass, guarded by House Fowler, and the Boneway, guarded by House Yronwood. The river Wyl flows from the eastern mountains to the Sea of Dorne, while the Torentine flows from the western mountains to the Summer Sea.
The hidden valleys and high meadows of the Red Mountains have sweet and green grass. The meadows north of Yronwood, for instance, have crisp air at night. The fertile vicinity of Yronwood is forested and contains iron, tin, and silver. The foothills near Skyreach have runoff from the heights and plentiful game in valleys.
The people of the southern Red Mountains are considered "stony Dornishmen" descending primarily from First Men and Andals.
North and northeast of Dorne, the Red Mountains extend along the southern stormlands to Cape Wrath, Griffin's Roost on Shipbreaker Bay, and almost to Storm's End. This includes the southern Dornish Marches and the castles of the marcher lords, such as Blackhaven and Stonehelm. The vicinity of Stonehelm is known as the Red Watch.
Northwest of Dorne, the mountain range extends into the southern Reach. Horn Hill is located in the foothills of the northwestern Red Mountains.
According to some legends, Garth Greenhand is said to have led the First Men from Dorne through the Red Mountains to the Reach. The rugged terrain kept many mountain communities isolated. The most powerful dynasties which developed were the Kings of the Torrentine from House Dayne, the Kings of Stone and Sky from House Fowler, and the High Kings of Dorne from House Yronwood.
Garth XI Gardener, King of the Reach, avenged Garth X by attacking Dorne; Lord Hightower claimed that Garth XI painted the mountains from green to red with Dornish blood.
King Albin Manwoody was a madman who claimed dominion over the Red Mountains, but he was defeated and sent to the Wall during Nymeria's War.
Dornishmen raided the Dornish Marches from the Red Mountains during Aegon's Conquest. The Dornish abandoned their watchtowers in the mountains during the First Dornish War.
The first Vulture King rose in the Red Mountains during the reign of King Aenys I Targaryen, beginning the Second Dornish War. A second Vulture King fought against King Jaehaerys I Targaryen, but he was defeated in the Third Dornish War. Morion Martell, Prince of Dorne, desired to ravage the stormlands, but the Fourth Dornish War was swiftly crushed by Jaehaerys.
During the conquest of Dorne, Lord Lyonel Tyrell led a host through the Prince's Pass and King Daeron I Targaryen traveled the Boneway.
Lords Caron and Dondarrion burned a Vulture King out of the Red Mountains. Gerris Drinkwater once led Quentyn Martell and other friends to find the lair of one of the Vulture Kings.
A Clash of Kings
Tyrion Lannister requests Doran Martell, Prince of Dorne, send his armies to the Boneway and the Prince's Pass to keep the marcher lords in their castles as part of the political betrothal of Myrcella Baratheon and Trystane Martell. Doran promises to move his banners into the high passes once Myrcella arrives safely at Sunspear.
The Winds of Winter
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This information has thus far been released in a sample chapter for The Winds of Winter, and might therefore not be in finalized form. Keep in mind that the content as described below is still subject to change.
Two Dornish hosts have massed in the two passes through the Red Mountains. The hosts sit encamped, waiting for Doran to loose them on the enemies of House Martell.
- ↑ The Lands of Ice and Fire, Westeros.
- ↑ A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 The Hedge Knight.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 39, Eddard X.
- ↑ A Game of Thrones, Chapter 45, Eddard XII.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 The Lands of Ice and Fire, Westeros.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 6, The Merchant's Man.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: Kingdoms of the First Men.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Fire & Blood, Reign of the Dragon - The Wars of King Aegon I.
- ↑ George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Stonehelm.
- ↑ A Feast for Crows, Chapter 45, Samwell V.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Reach: Andals in the Reach.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, Dorne: The Coming of the Rhoynar.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
- ↑ Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
- ↑ The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron I.
- ↑ George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Dornish Marches.
- ↑ A Clash of Kings, Chapter 41, Tyrion IX.
- ↑ The Winds of Winter, Arianne I
- ↑ A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 43, Daenerys VII.