Years after Aegon's Conquest/Calculations Events
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This page is still under construction. Information found here might still be incomplete, until this notice is removed.
In the main series and novellas, George R. R. Martin does not state specifically in which year a certain event has taken place. This page lists the calculations to determine such years of all events for which this can be done, as specific as is possible, for all events for which this is possible. This information then can be used in articles and serves to give a more complete image of the world of A Song of Ice and Fire.
- 1 Turning of the years
- 2 Wars and important military events
- 3 Tourneys
- 3.1 100 AC - 200 AC
- 3.2 200 AC - 300 AC
- 4 Marriages & Betrothals
- 4.1 Betrothals
- 4.2 Weddings
- 4.2.1 Daenerys Targaryen's wedding to Maron Martell
- 4.2.2 Doran Martell's wedding to Mellario of Norvos
- 4.2.3 Elia Martell's wedding to Rhaegar Targaryen
- 4.2.4 Catelyn Tully's wedding to Eddard Stark
- 4.2.5 Jon Arryn's wedding to Lysa Tully
- 4.2.6 Cersei Lannister's wedding to Robert I Baratheon
- 4.2.7 Tyrion Lannister to Tysha
- 4.2.8 Stannis Baratheons wedding to Selyse Florent
- 4.2.9 Walder Frey's wedding to Perra Royce
- 4.2.10 Walder Frey's wedding to Cyrenna Swann
- 4.2.11 Walder Frey's wedding to Amarei Crakehall
- 4.2.12 Walder Frey's wedding to Alyssa Blackwood
- 4.2.13 Walder Frey's wedding to Sarya Whent
- 4.2.14 Walder Frey's wedding to Bethany Rosby
- 4.2.15 Walder Frey's wedding to Annara Farring
- 4.2.16 Walder Frey's wedding to Joyeuse Erenford
- 5 Miscellaneous
- 5.1 At the Wall
- 5.2 The North
- 5.3 The Riverlands
- 5.4 The Westerlands
- 5.5 The Vale
- 5.6 The Crownlands
- 5.7 Dorne
- 5.8 Essos
- 6 See also
- 7 References
Turning of the years
The prologue in A Game of Thrones takes definitely place in 297 AC. During the Hand's tourney, Sansa Stark mentions that she met Ser Raymar Royce and his father when they visited Winterfell, on their way to the Wall. The timeframe Sansa mentions was 2 years ago. During the prologue, Ser Waymar has been on the Wall for almost half a year. The time in between Sansa remembering having met the Royces (during the Hand's tourney), and one of Ser Waymar's fellow rangers getting decapitated (during A Game of Thrones, Bran I), seems to have been at least 6,5 months, since King Robert visited Winterfell for at least one month, and the journey from Winterfell to King's Landing, and thus also from King's Landing to Winterfell, took about 1,75 months each. Robert cannot have left for Winterfell until 2 weeks after Joffrey’s 12th nameday (since he did not leave until Jon Arryn had died, and Jon died a fortnight after Joffrey's nameday), which is known to have taken place in 298 AC (see the Joffrey Baratheon calculation), although most likely more time passed in between Jon Arryn’s death and Robert leaving for Winterfell, seeing as how Cersei and her children were not in King's Landing when Jon Arryn died (they were making a tour to Casterly Rock), but they were present in the royal party. Naturally, some weeks passed in between arriving at King's Landing and the Tourney of the Hand, which are guessed at the lower bar of 1 month.
With roughly 6,5 months having passed since one member of Ser Waymar’s group was found, and with roughly 2 years having passed since Waymar still being on the way to Winterfell, this leaves slightly less than a year and a half in between, half a year of which Waymar spend at the Wall. With some months in between his visit to Winterfell and his actual arrival at the Wall, Waymar and his group, consisting out of rangers Gared and Will, seem to have been considered missing for somewhat more than half a year, before Gared was found and arrested. Searching parties were still being send out to find them, which happened as well with Benjen Stark, who was still being searched for even though he had been missing for half a year.
With Joffrey’s 13th nameday taking place in 299 AC (see Joffrey Baratheon), his 12th nameday will have taken place in 298 AC. Jon Arryn dies after Joffrey’s 12th nameday, and the first chapter (Bran I) from A Game of Thrones takes place after Arryn’s death. A Game of Thrones thus starts with a certainty in 298 AC, with the exception of the prologue (see 297 AC above).
The only other exception to this might be the Daenerys chapters in A Game of Thrones. Daenerys' chapters in A Game of Thrones take place earlier in the timeline than all the other POVs, and might even partly take place in 297 AC. See Daenerys Targaryen for more information about this.
With certainty it can be said that the events in the storylines from Catelyn Tully's POV in A Game of Thrones has crossed into the year 299 AC upon reaching the Twins (see Walder Frey (Big Walder) and Walder Frey (Little Walder)), which provides us with one mark for crossing of the year. Therefore, in A Game of Thrones, Catelyn IX, Catelyn X and Catelyn XI occur in 299 AC.
With Rickon Stark having been born in 295 AC (see Rickon Stark), Rickon’s age can be used as well for the turning of the years. From the Bran chapter where Rickon is mentioned to be four years old, all of Brans storyline chapters occur certainly in 299 AC (Bran VIIn). This automatically means that the news of Ned Starks death, occurring in said chapter, reaches Winterfell in 299 AC.
The first time the Red Comet is mentioned to have been seen, occurs after Rickon Stark has turned 4. Thus all POVs where the Red Comet appears can be said to take place in 299 AC with certainty.
It can currently not be determined any more specific when the year turns into 299 AC.
As Balon Greyjoy's death becomes known in the Riverlands by Robb Stark before the Red Wedding, thus placing Robb Stark learning of this event in 299 AC, it seems only logical that The Prophet (A Feast for Crows, chapter 1) takes place in 299 AC, as this is where Aeron Greyjoy, on the Iron Islands learns of his brother's death. The news would have reached Aeron faster than Robb, who was a relative distance away.
The wedding of Joffrey Baratheon and Margaery Tyrell is known to take place on the first day of 300 AC. With Joffrey Baratheon still 13 years old on his wedding day, while he has been 13 years old during the events of A Clash of Kings, as the books starts the King's Landing story line (thus Tyrion's and Sansa's POVs) with his 13th nameday, his 13th nameday thus took place in the year 299 AC.
With Joffrey's wedding, and thus death, occurring on the first day of 300 AC, all chapters in which his death is mentioned, and onwards, take place in 300 AC.
In A Feast for Crows the Dorne storyline begins with the news of Oberyn Martell's death having already arrived. Oberyn Martell died after Joffrey's wedding day, and thus in 300 AC, placing the entire Dornish storyline (The Captain of guards, The Soiled Knight, The Queenmaker, and The Princess in the Tower) in 300 AC.
The Iron Captain mentions how Euron Greyjoy had been away for three years. Euron Greyjoy left the Iron Islands in 297 AC, placing this chapter (occurring three years later) in 300 AC. In addition, Victarion Greyjoy knows what happened to Robb Stark at the Red Wedding, and the new titles of House Bolton, Warden of the North. As there is only little time between the Red Wedding and the turning of the year into 300 AC, this aligns with The Iron Captain taking place in 300 AC. This places The Drowned Man and The Reaver in 300 AC as well.
300 AC onwards
With Roslin Frey still being pregnant during the final chapters of ‘‘A Dance with Dragons’’, and with her becoming pregnant during the final month of 299 AC (prior to Joffrey’s mentioned wedding on the first day of 300 AC), ‘‘A Dance with Dragons’’ ends in 300 AC
The Arya chapters in ‘‘A Dance with Dragons’’ are a source of speculation, since Arya’s story line takes place separately of the other POVs during the novel. Even though Arya’s chapters span large periods of time, or large periods of time pass in between, it seems that Arya’s chapters in ‘‘A Dance with Dragons’’ do end in 300 AC, looking at the events occurring in the sample chapter Mercy, from ‘‘The Winds of Winter’’. Also syncing up is the first time it is mentioned to have snowed in the Riverlands, which occurs in the last Jaime chapter in ‘‘Dance’’. Arya later sees this occurring through the eyes of direwolf Nymeria, when she enters the wolf in her sleep.
Dunk & Egg Series
The Hedge Knight
The Sworn Sword
That was what they always said of those who had perished during the Great Spring Sickness two years past.
Ser Arlan's is two years dead
Egg had served Dunk for a good year and a half, though some days it seemed like twenty.
Ser Arlan dies while he and Dunk are on the way to Ashford. They were about a day's ride away from Ashford, where Dunk stays for a few days, for the remainder of the tourney, and his trial. Shortly (a few days) after Dunk's trial has been done, Aegon "Egg" enters Dunks service.
Ser Arlan is dead for 2 years, while Aegon has been Dunk's squire for a good year and a half. This suggests that the actual passing of time is somewhere in between, around 1,75 years, or differently said, 1 year and 9 months.
In addition, when the Sworn Sword starts, Dunk states that he had been in Oldtown "half a year past", and that he had spend "a year in Dorne". When describing his travels, Dunk describes how the passage to Oldtown had been booked in Dorne, showing that after a year in Dorne, Dunk and Egg went to Oldtown. In between their time in Oldtown and the events of the Sworn Sword, half a year had passed, again showing that a minimum of half a year had passed.
Concluded can be that the time that has passed between The Hedge Knight and 'The Sworn Sword was in between 1,5 years and 2 years. With the Sworn Sword taking place in 211 AC, this places The Hedge Knight in 209 AC
Further confirmations comes from the fact that it is mentioned that Prince Maekar has been at Summerhall since his father's death for almost 1,5 years, where he went after King Daeron's death in 209 AC.
Sidenote: It seems there is a slight contradiction. In The Sworn Sword the Redgrass Field is mentioned to have been 15 years ago. Yet, in The Mystery Knight the Redgrass Field is mentioned to have been 16 years ago. Both The Sworn Sword and The Mystery Knight take place in 211 AC. Even if The Sword Sword took place early in the year 211 AC, and The Mystery Knight late in the year, the contradiction still exists (as the Redgrass Field took place late in the year, and between late 196 AC and late 211 AC, only 15 years pass).
The Mystery Knight
Wars and important military events
Before the Conquest
The series of conflicts known as the Rhoynish Wars began with the First Turtle War and ended with the Second Spice War. The Rhoynish Wars ended about a thousand years before 300 AC, placing the Second Spice War around 700 BC. The Rhoynish Wars lasted about two and a half centuries, placing the first battle, the First Turtle War around 950 BC.
The other conflicts of the Rhoynish Wars (War of Three Princes, Second Turtle War, Fisherman's War, Salt War, Third Turtle War, War on Dagger Lake, Spice War) thus took place in between 950 BC and 700 BC.
After the Conquest
Battle of the Borderland
Defiance of Duskendale
As the Defiance of Duskendale is stated to have both begun, and ended, in 277 AC, and to have lasted half a year, the Defiance thus began in the first half of the year, and ended in the second half of the year.
Final Battle against the Kingswood Brotherhood
Jaime Lannister participated in the final battle during the campaign against the Kingswood Brotherhood. Jaime was knighted after the battle, and is known to have been 15 years old at this event. As Jaime was born in 266 AC, the battle and Jaime receiving his knighthood thus happened in either 281 AC (when Jaime turned 15) and 282 AC (when Jaime was 15 turning 16).
Since Jaime had thus already been knighted by 281 AC, the campaign against the Kingswood Brotherhood thus cannot have ended in 282 AC, since Jaime was knighted only at its end. The campaign against the Kingswood Brotherhood thus ended in 281 AC
Calculations have been made for the following battles:
- The Battle of the Bells: In mid 300 AC, it is stated that it has been 17 years since the Battle of the Bells, placing the Battle of the Bells in 283 AC. Eddard Stark married Catelyn Tully after the Battle of the Bells, and conceived Robb Stark within the first two weeks of marriage. Robb Stark was born in 283 AC (see the Robb Stark calculation).
- The Battle of the Trident: The Battle of the Trident occurred before the Sack of King's Landing, about a fortnight apart (see Note#1). In between these two events, Rhaella Targaryen fled King's Landing. Daenerys Targaryen was born 9 month after their flight, in 284 AC (see the Daenerys Targaryen calculation). Jon Snow was born 8 to 9 months before Daenerys, in 283 AC (see the Jon Snow calculation). With Rhaella's flight after the Battle of the Trident, this shows that the Battle of the Trident took place in 283 AC, before Jons birth.
- The Sack of King's Landing: The Sack of King's Landing occurred about a fortnight after the Battle of the Trident (see Note#1), which occurred in 283 AC (see above). In early-to-mid 300 AC, it is stated that it has been 17 years since Elia died, while in late 299 AC, her death was described as having occurred 16 years prior. Elia's death occurred during the Sack of King’s Landing.
Note#1:Lord Rossart had been Hand of the King for a fortnight at the Sack of King's Landing. Rossart became Hand after Lord Qarlton Chelsted died. Chelsted died the day before Rhaegar left with his army for the Trident. Rossart is described as Aerys II's new Hand after the Battle of the Trident. This shows that an army can march from the Trident to King's Landing (the rebels, led by Eddard Stark) within a fortnight.
The Greyjoy Rebellion began in 289 AC, six years after Robert Baratheon's coronation. The lasted "less than a year", and by early 299 AC, was considered to have ended ten years prior, thereby confirming that the rebellion both began and ended in 289 AC.
Calculations have been made for the following battles:
- Battle on the Green Fork: The Battle on the Green Fork took place after Robb Stark and his army crossed the Twins. Crossing the Twins took place in 299 AC, as Big Walder Frey, who was born in 291 AC, had already turned eight (see Walder Frey (Big Walder)). This means that the Battle on the Green Fork also took place in 299 AC.
In addition, this means that the Battle of the Whispering Wood, the Battle of the Camps, and the Sack of Darry, which all take place after the crossing of the Twins as well, take place in 299 AC as well.
- Execution of Eddard Stark: Eddard Stark was still alive while the Battle of the Whispering Wood was being fought, according to his wife, Catelyn Tully. This means that Eddard died after the Battle of the Whispering Wood. Since the Battle of the Whispering Wood was fought after the crossing of the Twins by the northern army (which occurred in 299 AC, see 298 AC to 299 AC), Eddard Starks execution thus also took place in 299 AC.
- Coronation of Robb Stark: Robb Stark's coronation takes place after the northern army has crossed the Twins. The crossing of the Twins occurs in 299 AC (see 298 AC to 299 AC). This shows that Robb Stark was crowned king in 299 AC as well.
- Battle of Oxcross: The Battle or Oxcross is the first major battle after Robb Starks coronation. Robb Stark was crowned in 299 AC (see above), showing that the Battle of Oxcross took place in 299 AC as well.
- Battle of Ashemark
- Battle of the Crag
- Battle of the Fords
- Sack of Harrenhal
- Battle of Duskendale
- Battle of the Ruby Ford
- Retaking of Harrenhal
- The Red Wedding
It is possible that the Siege of Riverrun also begins in 299 AC, since it seems that there are a few weeks between the Red Wedding and the first day of 300 AC, seeing as how Joffrey Baratheon, after receiving news about the Red Wedding (by the means of a raven, which would have taken a few days to arrive at King's Landing, from the Twins), seems to believe there is still enough time to send a raven back to the Twins, and have a rider ride from the Twins back to King's Landing in time for Joffrey's wedding feast on the first day of 300 AC. With the Freys working together with the Lannisters, it can be assumed that the Siege of Riverrun started as soon as was possible after the Red Wedding. Due to travel lengths (it took Robb Stark and his army a minimum of 20 days (see here for the count), it cannot be stated with certainty, since the preparations of the Freys concerning the Siege are unknown.
Princess Rhaenyra Targaryen was 7 years old during this tournament. It is known that Princess Rhaenyra was born in 97 AC,, meaning that she could only have been 7 years old in 104 AC (6 turning 7) and in 105 AC (7 turning 8). Since the tourney was held for King Viserys' accession to the throne, it would have been held as closely to the actually accession as was possible, making the option of 105 AC highly unlikely, as Viserys would have been king for more than a year by then.
The tourney was thus held in 104 AC.
The tourney where Aemon the Dragonknight fought as the mystery knight, the Knight of Tears, was held while his older brother Aegon IV was King. Aegon IV was King from 172 AC until 184 AC, placing the tourney in between these years.
Aemon died in or between 178 AC and 183 AC (see Aemon Targaryen). Thus, the tourney could not have occurred any later than 183 AC.
No further specifications can be given.
Note: As Aemon was killed defending his brother from two members of House Toyne, who attempted to avenge the life of their brother Terrence, it is most likely that Aemon died in 178 AC, the year Terrence and his mistress, Bethany Bracken, were executed, or shortly thereafter, indicating that the tourney most likely occurred between 172 AC and ~178 AC, in reality.
Tourney at Lannisport
The tourney in Lannisport took place "many years" before the tourney at King's Landing (see one subtitle below), which took place in 193 AC.
Though it is unknown how much years are meant by "many years", it is certain that at least two years had passed between the tourney in Lannisport and the tourney in King's Landing.
The tourney at Lannisport thus took place in 191 AC or before.
Tourney at King's Landing
This tourney took place 16 years prior to the events in the Hedge Knight. The events from the Hedge Knights took place in 209 AC (see Dunk & Egg (The Hedge Knight)). The tourney in King's Landing thus took place 16 years prior to 209 AC, placing the tourney in 193 AC.
Hastilude for Lord Baratheon's grandson
The hastilude was held 9 years prior to the events in the Hedge Knight. The events from the Hedge Knights took place in 209 AC (see Dunk & Egg (The Hedge Knight)). That plaves the hastilude in 200 AC.
Tourney at King's Landing
Tourney at Ashford Meadows
The tourney at Ashford Meadows is described in The Hedge Knight. The events described in The Hedge Knight all take place in 209 AC, including the tourney at Ashford Meadows. See also Dunk & Egg (The Hedge Knight))
Tourney in King's Landing
It is mentioned in 298 AC that 4 years prior, Barristan was champion at a tourney. This places said tourney in 294 AC. A year before 298 AC, Barristan unhorsed the Hound. This would place said tourney in 297 AC.
Tourney at Duskendale
Marriages & Betrothals
Daemon I Blackfyre's betrothal to Rohanne of Tyrosh
Daemon's father Aegon IV Targaryen had been discussing Daemon's betrothal to Rohanne of Tyrosh before his death in 184 AC. Aegon's son, Daeron II Targaryen, finished the arrangements and saw Daemon and Rohanne wed, thereby showing that the marriage could not have occurred any earlier than 184 AC.
Daemon and Rohanne's eldest children, the twin brohers Aegon and Aemon, were born in 184 AC (see Aegon Blackfyre and Aemon Blackfyre), thereby demonstrating that the wedding could not have occurred any later than 184 AC.
Daemon and Rohanne were thus wed in 184 AC.
Catelyn Tully's betrothal to Brandon Stark
Catelyn Tully was 12 years old when she was betrothed to Brandon Stark. With Catelyns birth in either 264 AC or 265 AC (see Catelyn Tully), she would have been 12 years old in either 276 AC, 277 AC, and 278 AC. Her betrothal to Brandon Stark was made during one of these three years. No further specifications can be given.
Lyanna Stark's betrothal to Robert Baratheon
Lyanna and Robert were betrothed after Eddard Stark travelled to Winterfell to ask for Lyanna's hand in Robert's name. At this point, Robert's bastard daughter Mya Stone had already been born. Mya was born in either 279 AC or 280 AC (see Mya Stone), thereby confirming that the betrothal could not have occurred any earlier than 279 AC, the first possible moment of Mya's birth.
By the time of the Tourney at Harrenhal in 281 AC, during the false spring, Robert and Lyanna had "long been betrothed". While no exact timeframe can be given for "long", it does appear to indicate that he betrothal had been made before 281 AC.
No further specifications can be given. Lyanna and Robert had thus been betrothed in either 279 AC or 280 AC.
Arianne Martell's betrothal to Viserys III Targaryen
Arianne Martell was betrothed to Viserys Targaryen while Viserys was living in Braavos with his sister Daenerys, and their protector, Ser Willam Darry. This occurred shortly after Robert's Rebellion had ended in 283 AC, but before Willam Darry got sick. Willam Darry got sick when Daenerys Targaryen was 5 years old, thus in either 289 AC or 290 AC (see the Daenerys Targaryen calculation).
The pact discussing the betrothal occurred in Braavos. Viserys, Daenerys and Willem Darry went to Braavos after Daenerys' birth in 284 AC (see the Daenerys Targaryen calculation). Thus, the betrothal could not have been made any earlier than 284 AC.
Daenerys Targaryen's wedding to Maron Martell
King Daeron II Targaryen ascended to the throne in 184 AC. He negotiated with Prince Maron for two years, until they agreed to a betrothal between Maron and Daenerys. The marriage took place the next year, indicating that the marriage occurred three years after Daeron ascended in 184 AC, thus in 187 AC.
In The World of Ice & Fire it is stated that Maron agreed to be betrothed to Daenerys once she was of age. While being "off age" usually indicates an age of sixteen or higher, it has been confirmed that the age of sixteen was not meant in this case.
Prince Baelor Targaryen was seventeen years old at Daenerys's wedding to Maron. As his age is given in an historical account, written by a maester, it can be assumed that his age in a year given is the age that he would be turning that year. As Prince Baelor was born in 170 AC, that would place the wedding in 187 AC, once more.
Thus, Daenerys and Maron were married in 187 AC.
Note: Daemon Blackfyre is described to have waited 8 years since Daenerys's wedding until he rebelled in 196 AC. As Daenerys and Maron were married in 187 AC, and Daemon began his rebellion in early 196 AC, this difference of 8 years would thus indicate that the wedding of Daenerys and Maron took place during the second half of 178 AC.
Doran Martell's wedding to Mellario of Norvos
Elia Martell's wedding to Rhaegar Targaryen
Elia Martell was married to Prince Rhaegar Targaryen in 280 AC. As their daughter, Princess Rhaenys, was born in 280 AC as well, and pregnancies last nine months, Elia and Rhaegar thus were married within the first three months of the year.
Catelyn Tully's wedding to Eddard Stark
In 298 AC, Catelyn Stark mentions that she had wed Ned 15 years prior. That places their wedding in 283 AC. In addition, Jon Connington mentions in 300 AC that the Battle of the Bells occurred 17 years prior, placing the Battle of the Bells in 283 AC as well. Catelyn and Ned got married after the Battle of the Bells, confirming that their wedding occurred in 283 AC.
Jon Arryn's wedding to Lysa Tully
Jon Arryn married Lysa Tully after his last heir died during the Battle of the Bells. According to Jon Connington, the Battle of the Bells occurred 17 years prior to 300 AC, placing the Battle of the Bells in 283 AC. This means that Jon Arryn married Lysa Tully in 283 AC.
Jon Arryn married Lysa Tully in the same ceremony as Ned Stark married Catelyn Tully. Catelyn Tully remarks that she married Ned Stark 15 years prior to 298 AC, confirming that the wedding occurred in 283 AC
Cersei Lannister's wedding to Robert I Baratheon
The first child of Cersei and Robert, Joffrey, was born in 286 AC, early in the year. With a pregnancy lasting nine months, Joffrey would thus have been conceived within the first half of 285 AC. Cersei believes that Joffrey was conceived during a trip to Estermont, which lasted a fortnight. This visit was made after two of Robert's uncles had remained in King's Landing for six months after Cersei's wedding to Robert, meaning that there were at least six months in between Cersei's wedding and Joffrey's conception. With Joffrey's conception taking place in the first half year, Cersei's wedding took thus place in late 284 AC at the latest.
Tyrion was thirteen years old when he married Tysha. Tyrion was born in 273 AC, which means that he turned thirteen in 286 AC, and was thirteen turning fourteen in 287 AC. The marriage thus occurred in one of these two years.
No further specifications can be given.
Stannis Baratheons wedding to Selyse Florent
On the night of Stannis' wedding to Selyse, Stannis' brother Robert Baratheon deflowered Delena Florent, and fathered Edric Storm on her. Edric was born in 287 AC (see the Edric Storm calculation). It is unknown whether Edric was born in early or late 287 AC.
If Edric was born in late 287 AC, it is possible that his conception also took place in 287 AC. This would mean that Stannis got married to Selyse in 287 AC. If Edric was born in early 287 AC, Edric would have been conceived in 286 AC. This would mean that Stannis got married to Selyse in 286 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Perra Royce
Walders first child with Perra was born in either 233 AC or 234 AC (see Stevron Frey). This means that 234 AC, the last possible year of Stevron's birth, is also the last possible year the marriage could have taken place.
Walder Frey was born in 208 AC (see Walder Frey). He would have reached the age of marriage, 13 year, in 221 AC. This is thus the first possible year of Walders marriage to Perra, Walder's first wife.
Walder and Perra had four children together. Stevron was born in either 233 AC or 234 AC (see Stevron Frey), Emmon was born in 239 AC (see Emmon Frey), Aenys in or between 240 AC and 247 AC (see Aenys Frey), and Perriane in or between 241 AC and 248 AC (see Perriane Frey).
This shows that the marriage between Walder and Perra would have lasted at least until 241 AC, and at the latest until 248 AC.
Walder and Perra were thus married in between 234 AC and 241 AC (Stevrons's last possible year of birth until Perriane's first possible year of birth), though their marriage could have taken place anywhere in between the years 221 AC and 248 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Cyrenna Swann
Walders first child with Cyrenna was born in either 248 AC or 249 AC (see Jared Frey). This means that 249 AC, the last possible year of Jareds birth, is also the last possible year the marriage could have taken place.
Walder's previous marriage, to Perra Royce, would have ended after the birth of his youngest child with her. Perriane was born in 241 AC the earliest (see Perriane Frey). This shows that Perra would have died in 241 AC the earliest, and Walder thus could have married Cyrenna in 241 AC the earliest.
Walder and Cyrenna thus married in or between 241 AC and 248 AC.
With Luceons birth no earlier than 249 AC, the marriage of Walder and Cyrenna lasted at least until 249 AC
With Walders first child with his third wife born in 258 AC the latest (see Hosteen Frey), 258 AC is thus the last possible year for Cyrenna to have died.
Walders marriage to Cyrenna thus ended in 258 AC the absolute latest.
Walder and Cyrenna were thus married in 249 AC (Jared's last possible year of birth, Luceons first possible year of birth), though their marriage could have taken place anywhere in between the years 241 AC and 258 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Amarei Crakehall
Walders first child with Amarei was born in or between 250 AC and 258 AC (see Hosteen Frey). This means that 258 AC, the last possible year of Hosteens birth, is also the last possible year the marriage could have taken place.
Walders previous marriage, to Cyrenna Swann, would have ended after the birth of his youngest child with her. Luceon was born in 249 AC the earliest (see Luceon (Frey)). This shows that Cyrenna would have died in 249 AC the earliest, and Walder thus could have married Amarei in 249 AC the earliest.
Walder and Amarei thus married in or between 249 AC and 258 AC.
Walder and Amarei had seven children: Hosteen, born in or between 250 AC and 258 AC (see Hosteen Frey), Lythene, born in or between 251 AC and 259 AC (see Lythene Frey), Symond, born in or between 252 AC and 260 AC (see Symond Frey), Danwell, born in or between 252 AC and 261 AC (see Danwell Frey), Merrett, born in 262 AC (see Merrett Frey), Geremy, born in 263 AC (see Geremy Frey), and Raymund, born in 264 AC (see Raymund Frey).
With Walder and Amarei's last child, Raymund, born in 264 AC, the marriage of Walder and Amarei lasted at least until 264 AC.
In fact, it is known that their marriage ended in 264 AC with the death of Amarei, as Walder Frey states to Catelyn Tully that Amarei had died before Catelyn herself had been born. As Catelyn Tully was born in 264 AC (see Catelyn Tully), and Amarei's youngest child was born in 264 AC as well, Geremy was thus born before Catelyn Tully in the year, and Amarei's death also occurred before Catelyn's birth in the year.
Walder and Amarei were thus married in between 258 AC and 264 AC (Hosteen's last possible year of birth, Raymunds only possible year of birth), though their marriage could have begun anywhere in between the years 249 AC and 258 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Alyssa Blackwood
Walders first child with Alyssa was born in either 265 AC or 266 AC (see Lother Frey). This means that 266 AC, the last possible year of Lothars birth, is also the last possible year the marriage could have taken place. Walders previous marriage, to Amarei Crakehall, would have ended after the birth of his youngest child with her. Raymund was born in 264 AC (see Raymund Frey). Since Amarei died in 264 AC (see Amarei Crakehall), Walder wedding to Alyssa could have taken place in 264 AC the earliest.
Walder and Alyssa thus married in or between 264 AC and 266 AC.
Walder and Alyssa had five children: Lothar, born in either 265 AC or 266 AC (see Lother Frey), Jammos, born in either 266 AC or 267 AC (see Jammos Frey), Whalen, born in either 267 AC or 268 AC (see Whalen Frey), Morya, born in either 268 AC or 269 AC (see Morya Frey), and Tyta, born in either 269 AC or 270 AC (see Tyta Frey)
With Walder and Alyssa's last child, Tyta, born in 269 AC the earliest, the marriage of Walder and Alyssa lasted at least until 269 AC.
Walders next child, born after Tyta, was born in 278 AC the latest (see Perwyn Frey). This means that potentially, Walders marriage to Alyssa could have lasted until 278 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Sarya Whent
Walder and Sarya had no children.
Sarya was the fifth wife of Walder Frey. With Walders youngest child with his fourth wife born in 269 AC the earliest (see Tyta Frey), and his eldest child by his sixth wife born in 278 AC the latest (see Perwyn Frey), Walders marriage to Sarya could have taken place between any of those two years.
Walder Frey and Sarya Whent were thus married in or between 269 AC and 278 AC maximally.
Walder Frey's wedding to Bethany Rosby
Walders first child with Bethany was born in or between 270 AC and 278 AC (see Perwyn Frey). This means that 278 AC, the last possible year of Lothars birth, is also the last possible year the marriage could have taken place. Walders previous marriage, to Sarya Whent, yielded no children, but his marriage before, to Alyssa Blackwood, did. The youngest child Walder had by Alyssa Blackwood, Tyta, was born in either 269 AC or 270 AC (see Tyta Frey). With Tyta's birth in 269 AC the earliest, Walders marriage to Bethany could have taken place in 269 AC the earliest.
Walder and Bethany thus married in or between 269 AC and 278 AC.
Walder and Alyssa had five children: Perwyn, born in or between 270 AC and 278 AC (see Perwyn Frey), Benfrey, born in or between 271 AC and 279 AC (see Benfrey Frey), Willamen, born in or between 272 AC and 280 AC (see Willamen Frey), Olyvar, born in 281 AC (see Olyvar Frey), and Roslin, born in either 282 AC or 283 AC (see Roslin Frey).
With Walder and Bethany's last child, Roslin, born in 282 AC the earliest, the marriage of Walder and Alyssa lasted at least until 282 AC.
Walders next child, born after Roslin, was born in 285 AC (see Arwyn Frey). This means that potentially, Walders marriage to Bethany could have lasted until 285 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Annara Farring
Walders first child with Annara was born in 285 AC (see Arwyn Frey). This means that 285 AC is also the last possible year the wedding could have taken place. The youngest child Walder had from his previous marriage, to Bethany Rosby, Roslin, was born in either 282 AC or 283 AC (see Roslin Frey). With Roslin's birth in 282 AC the earliest, Walders marriage to Annara could have taken place in 282 AC the earliest.
Walder and Bethany thus married in or between 282 AC and 285 AC.
Walder and Annara had six children: Arwyn, born in 285 AC (see Arwyn Frey), Wendel, born in 286 AC (see Wendel Frey), Colmar, born in 288 AC (see Colmar Frey), Waltyr, born in 289 AC (see Waltyr Frey), Elmar, born in 290 AC (see Elmar Frey), and Shirei, born in either 292 AC or 293 AC (see Shirei Frey).
With Walder and Annara's last child, Shirei, born in 292 AC the earliest, the marriage of Walder and Alyssa lasted at least until 292 AC.
Walder got remarried to his most recent wife on his 90th nameday, in 298 AC. This means that potentially, Walders marriage to Annara could have lasted until 298 AC.
Walder Frey's wedding to Joyeuse Erenford
Lord Walder is said to be marrying his eight wife on his 90th nameday. Walder was born in 208 AC (see the Walder Frey calculation), which means that Walder would have been turning 90 in 298 AC. This places his wedding to Joyeuse in 298 AC.
Mance Rayder's visit to Winterfell and desertion from the Night's Watch
Mance Rayder escorted Lord Commander Qorgyle on a visit to Winterfell. There, he encountered young Robb Stark and Jon Snow playing a prank by building a mountain of snow above a gate. As Jon was old enough to do so, and also remembers the young black brother who promised not to tell about the prank, he must have been at least 3 years old if not older, setting this event at the earliest in 286 AC. Lord Commander Qorqyle died in 288 AC. Therefore, Mance's visit to Winterfell took place some time between 286 AC and 288 AC. Mance's desertion was years after this event, but when exactly cannot be determined; it is not stated who was Lord Commander at the time, Qorqyle or Jeor Mormont.
Will's arrival at the Wall
Waymar Royce's arrival at the Wall
Ser Waymar Royce has been on the Wall for less than half a year during the prologue in A Game of Thrones, which takes place in 297 AC.. During the Hand's tourney in 298 AC, Sansa Stark remarks how Waymar had visited Winterfell on his way to the Wall. She remembers as this visit having been two years prior to the tourney. With the Tourney taking place in the middle of the year 298 AC, Ser Waymar’s visit to Winterfell took place halfway through 296 AC, roughly.
Eddard Stark's fostering in the Vale
Eddard Stark was 8 years old when he was send to be fostered at the Eyrie. Eddard was born in 263 AC (see the Eddard Stark calculation), which creates the possibility of having been 8 in the following years:
- 271 AC, having been 7 turning 8
- 272 AC, having been 8 turning 9
Rodrik Cassel's mother
Hoster Tully becoming Lord of Riverrun
Hoster Tully's daughter Catelyn had already been born prior to the death of Lord Hoster's father, the previous Lord of Riverrun. As Catelyn was born in either 264 AC or 265 AC (see Catelyn Tully), Hoster could not have inherited Riverrun any earlier than 264 AC.
Hoster agreed to foster Petyr Baelish at Riverrun, meaning that Petyr arrived after Hoster had inherited the rule of Riverrun prior to Petyr's arrival. It is unknown how old Petyr was when he went to Riverrun. However, during a memory from Catelyn Tully, Hoster's daughter, she recalls Petyr as having been at Riverrun at an age of 8 or younger, Petyr was born in 268 AC, indicating that he had come to Riverrun by 276 AC, though he might have arrived even earlier.
When Catelyn Tully was 8 years old, Hoster called Brynden a "black goat", causing Brynden to point out their house sigil was a trout, and named himself the Blackfish ever since. Since Catelyn Tully was born in either 264 AC or 265 AC (see Catelyn Tully), this event occurred in either 272 AC, 273 AC or 274 AC.
Petyr Baelish's duel against Brandon Stark
Brandon Stark was born in 262 AC, and was 20 years old during the duel. Brandon was also 20 years old when he died,, and according to a semi-canon source, Brandon's death occurred in 282 AC. As Brandon's year of birth means that he could only have ben 20 years old in 282 AC and 283 AC, and his death occurred in 282 AC, Brandon's duel against Petyr could only have occurred in 282 AC.
Judging by Petyr Baelish' age in 298 AC, a more specific timing can be given. Petyr Baelish was "still shy of thirty" when Catelyn Stark arrived at King's Landing. This event occurred at least the following amount of months into 298 AC:
- From Joffrey Baratheon's nameday celebration, we have:
- +0,5 months (a fortnight) until Jon Arryn's death. Raven's are sent to Winterfell, over an unknown timeframe. King Robert travels to Winterfell
- +1,5 months for King Robert to travel to Winterfell. Judged by the passages of time given for the journey form Winterfell to King's Landing, with the remaining distance compared to the distance given with a timeframe. The journey from King's Landing to Winterfell is shortened slightly, to prevent errors.
- +1 month for the stay at Winterfell, as "several days" pass before Eddard Stark makes the decision to leave for King's Landing. He says they shall depart in a fortnight. The day before they are set to leave, Bran Stark falls from the tower, and by the time they actually leave for King's Landing, it has been 'nearly a fortnight' since Bran's fall. All together, this counts as one month
- +1,75 months for the journey from Winterfell to King's Landing. Judged by the maps from The Lands of Ice and Fire, the distances of the timeframes given in text (12 days crossing the Neck, a fortnight from Darry to King's Landing, 8 days from Winterfell until the Barrowlands) are compared with the distances that are not identified in text. 1,75 month is on the short end of that comparison.
- -0.5: When Bran Stark wakes up from his coma, he has just finished dreaming that Eddard Stark has already left from Darry, yet that Catelyn Tully is still at sea, indicating that Catelyn Tully arrived in King's Landing less than a fortnight before Eddard Stark arrived in King's Landing (it took Eddard a fortnight to travel from Darry to King's Landing). As Eddards travels from Winterfell to King's Landing are judged to have taken 1,75 months, Catelyn Tully can be said to have arrived at King's Landing 1,25 months or later since Eddard Stark left Winterfell (1,75 - 0.5 or less).
Bringing the total to 4,25 months that have minimally passed in the year. Showing that Petyr Baelish' nameday occurred at least 4,25 months into the year. As Petyr's nameday occurred before his duel against Brandon Stark, it can be shown that the duel took place at least multiple months into the year.
Hoster Tully's illness
Gerion Lannister's voyage
In addition, in 300 AC, it had been 'almost a decade' since Gerion had set sail from Lannisport. This does not eliminate any of the two possibilities given above.
Gerion Lannister thus left on his journey in either 291 AC or 292 AC.
Sandor Clegane's "accident"
Sandor was 6 or 7 years old when Gregor pushed his face in the fire. With Sandor' birth taking place in either 270 AC or 271 AC (see Sandor Clegane), he would have been either 6 or 7 in the following years:
- Born in 270 AC, Sandor would be 5 turning 6 in 276 AC
- Born in 270 AC, Sandor would be 6 turning 7 in 277 AC
- Born in 270 AC, Sandor would be 7 turning 8 in 278 AC
- Born in 271 AC, Sandor would be 5 turning 6 in 277 AC
- Born in 271 AC, Sandor would be 6 turning 7 in 278 AC
- Born in 271 AC, Sandor would be 7 turning 8 in 279 AC
It can be concluded that this "accident" thus took place in either 276 AC, 277 AC, 278 AC or 279 AC. No further specifications can be given.
Gregor Clegane's knighthood
Four years after Sandor's "accident", Gregor was knighted. Sandor was 6 or 7 during the incident with the fire, meaning that Gregor would have been either 11 or 12 years old at the time, being 5 years older. Gregor was knighted 4 years after the incident, placing his age during his knighting at either 16 or 17. Gregor would have been either 16 or 17 in:
- Gregor would have been 15 turning 16 in 281 AC if he was born in 265 AC
- Gregor would have been 16 turning 17 in 282 AC if he was born in 265 AC
- Gregor would have been 15 turning 16 in 282 AC if he was born in 266 AC
- Gregor would have been 16 turning 17 in 283 AC if he was born in 266 AC
It is known Gregor was knighted by Rhaegar Targaryen. Since Rhaegar had been missing during most of Robert's Rebellion (282 AC – 283 AC), the last option (16 turning 17 in 283 AC if born in 266 AC) can be eliminated, since Gregor's knighting will not have taken place during the Rebellion. Also, Rhaegar was missing for most of the part of the year 283 AC where the Rebellion was still being fought, and he and Gregor were on opposite sides of the conflict when Rhaegar did reappear. 16 turning 27 in 283 AC can thus be eliminated.
This means that Gregor was knighted either in 281 AC or 282 AC (in the months before the war began).
Sandor Clegane's first kill
Sandor killed his first man when he was 12 years old. With his birth having been in either 270 AC or 271 AC (see Sandor Clegane), he would have been 12 years old in either 282 AC, 283 AC or 284 AC. Further specification cannot be given.
Note: 283 AC is one of the possible years during which Sandor could have been 12 years old. It is therefore possible, and perhaps even highly likely, that Sandor killed his first man during Robert's Rebellion, which began in 282 AC and ended in late 283 AC. In that case, a birth year of 270 AC might be favoured, though the year cannot be confirmed.
The birth of Robert Baratheon's bastard twins
Tywin Lannister organized a tourney in 295 AC. During this tourney, Robert got a girl pregnant, and she bore him twins. Depending on the timing of the tourney in the year, the twins were born in either 295 AC or 296 AC.
Death of Lord Baelish
In 298 AC, it is mentioned that Petyrs father had died several years earlier, indicating that he has been dead for at least 2 years. That means that Petyr became Lord Baelish in truth in 296 AC or before.
Hugh "of the Vale"
At the time of his death, Hugh had been Jon Arryn’s squire for the past 4 years, meaning that Hugh became Jon Arryn’s squire in 294 AC.
Pycelle becoming Grand Maester
Pycelle tells Eddard Stark that he has been Grand Maester for near on 40 years in 298 AC. With Pycelle’s birth in 216 AC, and with Pycelle having been 42 when he became Grand Maester during the reign of Aegon V, Pycelle would have turned 42 in 258 AC. However, with it having been near 40 years, and not simply 40 years, in 298 AC, Pycelle did not become Grand Maester in 258 AC, when he had turned 42, but a year later, in 259 AC, when he was still 42 (though he would be turning 43 later that year).
Timing of Doran Martell's inheritance of Dorne
Doran Martell'ss mother, the unnamed Princess of Dorne, was still alive in 273 AC, when she visited Casterly Rock. According to her younger son, Oberyn, she believed that she had beaten Tywin Lannister when she betrothed her daughter Elia to Prince Rhaegar Targaryen (Tywin had refused Elia as a bride for his own son years before, and stated his own daughter Cersei was to marry Rhaegar), implying she at least was aware of the betrothal at the time of her death. Oberyn also states that she was on her deathbed “years later” after the visit to Casterly Rock. However, Elia is described as the “young sister of Doran Martell, Prince of Dorne” upon the formal announcement of her betrothal to Rhaegar, in early 279 AC,} implying that the Princess of Dorne had already passed away, as Doran would not have been the Prince of Dorne already otherwise.
Timing of Mellario's departure from Dorne
Doran Martell married Mellario in or between 273 AC and 267 AC (see Doran Martell's wedding to Mellario of Norvos), meaning that by 300 AC, Doran and Mellario had been married for twenty-four years at least, and twenty-seven years at most. They have spent half their marriage apart, as stated in 300 AC.
When Arianne Martell was fourteen years old, Lady Mellario was still at Sunspear. As Arianne was born in 276 AC (see Arianne Martell), this would place Mellario still in Dorne in either 290 AC or 291 AC.
As they have been married for twenty-four to twenty-seven years, both of these dates already fall after the mark of "half their marriage" (which would be around twelve or thirteen years). Thus, the fact that they are described as having spent "half their marriage" apart, would indicate that Mellario left Dorne not too long after the memory Arianne describes from when she was fourteen.
Jon Connington's time with the Golden Company
Jon Connington is mentioned to have left the Golden Company a dozen years ago in 300 AC. Later, this is specified as to actually have been 12 years, placing Jon’s “exile” from the Golden Company in 288 AC, five years after the Rebellion ended. Jon Connington had spend five years with the Golden Company. For him to have spend five years with the Golden Company while 283 AC is the first moment he could have joined, and 288 AC is the year he certainly left, it shows that he joined the Golden Company shortly after his exile began, in 283 AC.
Jorah Mormont's exile
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- Calculations on years of birth and death of characters (page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4)
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- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 29, Sansa II.
- A Game of Thrones, Prologue.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 2, Catelyn I.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Daeron II.
- The Hedge Knight.
- The Sworn Sword.
- The Mystery Knight.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys I.
- Small Questions v. 10105: THK timeline (January 22, 2019)
- The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: Ten Thousand Ships.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 8, Tyrion III.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 14, Tyrion IV.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 18, Tyrion V.
- Fire & Blood, Heirs of the Dragon - A Question of Succession.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aerys II.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 12, Tyrion II.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 67, Jaime VIII.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 8, Jaime I.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Westerlands: House Lannister Under the Dragons.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 11, Jaime II.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 31, Jaime IV.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The Year of the False Spring.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 24, The Lost Lord.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
- So Spake Martin: Chronology (July 11, 1999)
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 2, The Captain Of Guards.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 38, Tyrion V.
- A Game of Thrones, Appendix.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 16, Jaime II.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Fall of the Dragons: The End.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Iron Islands: The Old Way and the New.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Glorious Reign.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 11, Theon I.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 45, Catelyn V.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 53, Tyrion VI.
- The Rogue Prince.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 24, Bran II.
- The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aegon IV.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 24, Cersei V.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 35, Eddard IX.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 6, Catelyn II.
- A Game of Thrones, Bad reference param2.
- George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 43, Daenerys VII.
- asoiaf.westeros.org: Daenerys's age
- Ages in historical accounts
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 70, Tyrion X.
- See the Joffrey Baratheon calculation
- The World of Ice & Fire, Appendix: Reign of the Kings.
- A Dance with Dragons, Appendix.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 42, Tyrion VI.
- A Clash of Kings, Appendix.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 28, Catelyn V.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 7, Jon I.
- George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Jeor Mormont.
- George R. R. Martin's A World of Ice and Fire, Mance Rayder.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 18, Catelyn IV.
- A Storm of Swords, Chapter 35, Catelyn IV.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 8, Bran II.
- "How young they had all been - she no older than Sansa, Lysa younger than Arya, and Petyr younger still, yet eager." Sansa had been 11 at the time, and Arya nine, placing Petyr's age - as younger than Arya - at an age of 8 or younger
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 34, Catelyn VI.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 4, Eddard I.
- A Song of Ice and Fire Roleplaying.
- "scarcely fifteen" could be read as Petyr having been fourteen years old at the time, and as the calculation shows, Petyr cannot have actually been 15 before Brandon Starks death
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 33, Tyrion VIII.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 7, Arya I.
- A Clash of Kings, Chapter 52, Sansa IV.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 30, Eddard VII.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 25, Eddard V.
- A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 68, The Dragontamer.
- A Feast for Crows, Chapter 21, The Queenmaker.
- A Game of Thrones, Chapter 12, Eddard II.