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House Targaryen.svgBalerion
the Black Dread
House Targaryen.svg
Aegon on Balerion.jpg
Aegon the Conqueror rides atop Balerion, as depicted by Jordi Gonzalez Escamilla in The World of Ice & Fire.

Species Dragon
Colors Black (scales and wings)
Black with swirls of red (flame)
Born In or before 114 BCValyria
Died In 94 AC

TV series House of the Dragon: Season 1 (as a skull)
Game of Thrones: Season 7 | 8 (as a skull)
Balerion in Aegon's Conquest, from Game of Thrones Blu-ray

Balerion, called the Black Dread, was a dragon of House Targaryen.[1] He was ridden by King Aegon I Targaryen during the Conquest, alongside his sister Queen Visenya's Vhagar, and his sister Queen Rhaenys's Meraxes.[2] Other known riders of Balerion were King Maegor I Targaryen,[3][4] Princess Aerea Targaryen[5] and Prince Viserys Targaryen.[6][7]

Balerion died of old age[8] in 94 AC[6][7] during the reign of King Jaehaerys I Targaryen, more than two hundred years old.[9]


See also: Images of Balerion

Balerion's scales[2] and wings[10][4][11] were black. His fire was black,[2][4] sometimes with swirls of red.[10] When he was in the fullness of his power, his flames could melt steel and stone,[12] and fuse sand into glass.[13]

Balerion was the largest of all the Targaryen dragons since Aegon's Conquest. His wingspan was so large that his shadow could engulf entire towns when he passed overhead.[2] His teeth were as long as swords, and his jaws were large enough to swallow an aurochs whole, or even one of the hairy mammoths that are said to roam the cold wastes beyond the Port of Ibben.[1] By 93 AC, Balerion had finally stopped growing. He had grown sluggish and heavy and was difficult to rouse. When Prince Viserys Targaryen claimed the dragon that year, the dragon struggled to take to the air. Prince Viserys believed the dragon no longer had the strength to fly from King's Landing to Dragonstone.[14]

Balerion was willful, and not a beast to trifle with.[15]



Balerion was named after an ancient god of the Valyrian Freehold.[2] He was born in Valyria, and was one of the five dragons Aenar Targaryen brought with him when he fled to Dragonstone to survive the Doom of Valyria.[16][11] After the other four of Aenar's dragons died, Balerion became the last creature to have seen the Freehold in its prime.

Aegon the Conqueror

Balerion was eventually claimed by Lord Aegon Targaryen, some time before he married his sisters Visenya and Rhaenys.[11] Aegon became involved in the wars in the Disputed Lands when Pentos and Tyrosh approached him, inviting him to join a grand alliance against Volantis, and he chose to heed their call. Mounting Balerion, he flew east to meet the Prince of Pentos and the magisters of the Free City, then flew to Lys in time to set ablaze a Volantene fleet trying to take the city.[16][17]

Balerion and workers help forge the Iron Throne, as depicted by Donato Giancola.

Afterwards, Aegon turned his attention to conquering the Seven Kingdoms, during which he flew on Balerion. Aegon descended on Lords Mooton and Darklyn, killing both of them during Aegon's first test. After the ironborn victory at the Wailing Willows, Balerion burned the victors on the Gods Eye.[10] Next, Aegon took Balerion to Harrenhal, where Harren Hoare, King of the Isles and the Rivers, had taken refuge in his formidable fortress. When Harren the Black had not yielded by sunset, Aegon took Balerion high up and descended inside the castle walls, putting the new castle to flame. Balerion's dragonfire burned so hot that the towers of Harrenhal went up like candles, melting and twisting into the shapes they retain to this day. King Harren and his remaining sons all perished, ending the line of House Hoare.[11] The men of Crackclaw Point quickly surrendered to Visenya after learning of the burning of Harrenhal.[18]

Aegon next rode Balerion in the Field of Fire, besides his sisters on Vhagar and Meraxes. Between the three dragons, four thousand men were burned to death, including Mern IX Gardener, King of the Reach, resulting in Targaryen victory.[1][11] When Aegon learned that Torrhen Stark, King in the North, had crossed the Neck and was leading an army into the riverlands, he raced ahead of his army on Balerion to meet the threat. When the Targaryen host was encamped at one side of the Trident and the northern host on the other side, Torrhen's bastard brother, Brandon Snow, offered to assassinate the sleeping dragons. Recalling the destruction the three dragons had caused at the Field of Fire, Torrhen instead submitted to Aegon.[11] After Aegon was crowned by the High Septon, he was cheered by tens of thousands of onlookers as he flew on Balerion through the streets of Oldtown.[10]

According to song, at the end of the war Balerion helped to forge the Iron Throne by melting the swords of Aegon's fallen enemies.[19] In 2 AC, Aegon flew his dragon to the Iron Islands to end the succession struggle among the ironborn.[20]

Aegon flew Balerion during the First Dornish War, finding Sunspear abandoned when he arrived. Dorne rose in rebellion after he departed, however, and Lord Orys Baratheon was mutilated by the Wyl of Wyl. Aegon retaliated by burning several of House Wyl's keeps, and the king later attacked Sandstone, Vaith, and the Hellholt with the aid of Visenya. Aegon burned Skyreach after House Fowler attacked Nightsong. During the two years of the Dragon's Wroth following the death of Rhaenys Targaryen, each Dornish castle (with the exception of Sunspear) was burned multiple times by the vengeful Aegon and Visenya.[20]

King Aegon made frequent royal progresses throughout the Seven Kingdoms. Besides allowing the new monarch to learn more about his subjects, the sight of Balerion during these visits also helped to prevent rebellion.[21]

Maegor the Cruel

King Maegor I Targaryen and Balerion burn the Sept of Remembrance, by Jordi Gonzalez for The World of Ice & Fire.

After the death of King Aegon I Targaryen, Balerion was claimed by his younger son, Prince Maegor, who had long coveted his father's mount, and had not claimed another dragon because he considered all others unworthy. After Jonos Arryn imprisoned his brother Ronnel, Lord of the Eyrie, and declared himself independent of the Iron Throne, Maegor rode the Black Dread to the Vale of Arryn and put down his rebellion.[4][3]

When Maegor was exiled to Pentos as punishment for his polygamous marriage, he took Balerion with him. After the death of his elder brother, King Aenys I, Maegor flew back to Westeros on Balerion to claim the Iron Throne.[4]

During the Faith Militant uprising, King Maegor used Balerion in the burning of the Sept of Remembrance and in the battle at the Great Fork of the Blackwater Rush.[4] In the westerlands, the king burned the seats of Houses Broome, Doggett, Falwell, and Lorch.[4] Maegor threatened to attack Oldtown as well, but the city opened its gates to the king after the unexpected death of the High Septon.[4]

In the Battle Beneath the Gods Eye, Maegor used Balerion to kill his nephew Prince Aegon and his dragon Quicksilver.[22] After the completion of the Red Keep, Maegor began construction of the Dragonpit to house Balerion, Vhagar, and other dragons.[4]

After Maegor's death, Balerion returned to Dragonstone.[15]

Princess Aerea

In late 54 AC, Princess Aerea Targaryen claimed Balerion from the yard of Dragonstone one morning. They disappeared and went missing for more than a year. King Jaehaerys I Targaryen sent expeditions to try and locate Balerion and the young princess, and the master of coin, Rego Draz, offered a reward for any information on their whereabouts, but none came forward that were credible. Balerion was the largest living dragon in the world, but there were no sightings of the dragon anywhere. Septon Barth believed that the lack of sightings suggested that Balerion was no longer in Westeros. Rhaena Targaryen departed on Dreamfyre to search for Balerion and her missing daughter.[5]

Balerion returned to King's Landing in 56 AC, descending into the courtyard of the Red Keep with Aerea barely clinging to him. The princess was severely ill, and died soon after. Barth's accounts describe wounds and half-healed scars on Balerion. The dragon bore a huge jagged rent down his left side, almost nine feet long, and fresh blood still dripped from the wound, hot and smoking. Barth speculated that, when Aerea claimed Balerion, she was unable to bend the dragon to her will, and instead the dragon had taken her to the place he had been born, Valyria. Shortly thereafter, Balerion became the first dragon to be housed in the Dragonpit, where he was guarded by the Dragonkeepers.[15]

Further life

Prince Baelon Targaryen smacked Balerion on his snout the first time the boy entered the Dragonpit.[15] When Princess Alyssa Targaryen came to the Dragonpit to claim a dragon of her own in 75 AC, the Dragonkeepers persuaded her not to try and claim Balerion, insisting that the dragon had become old and slow, suggesting to her that she would much more prefer a faster dragon.[14]

The last rider of Balerion was Prince Viserys Targaryen, who entered the Dragonpit to claim the dragon in 93 AC. Balerion was hard to rouse, and struggled when Viserys urged him into the sky. They flew around King's Landing three times, although Viserys later confided to his father that he had originally intended to fly Balerion to Dragonstone. However, fearing the dragon lacked the strength to do so, Viserys had opted otherwise.[14]

Balerion died in 94 AC,[6] less than a year after Viserys claimed him as his mount.[14]


Princess Rhaenys Targaryen named her black kitten after Balerion, and the girl often pretended that her cat was actually the Black Dread.[23]

Along with eighteen[1] other Targaryen dragon skulls, Balerion's skull hung on a wall in the Red Keep's throne room.[24][25] After Robert's Rebellion, King Robert I Baratheon had the skulls removed from the throne room and stored them in a dank cellar. In 284 AC, when Tyrion Lannister visited the capital for the wedding of his sister Cersei to Robert, he observed the skulls in the cellar, including Balerion's.[1]

There is a picture of Balerion the Black Dread, done in colored inks, in the book Dragonkin, Being a History of House Targaryen from Exile to Apotheosis, with a Consideration of the Life and Death of Dragons, written by Maester Thomax.[26]

Recent Events

A Game of Thrones

Arya Stark encounters the skull of Balerion the Black Dread, by Justin Sweet for The World of Ice & Fire.

Arya Stark encounters the skulls of the Targaryen dragons while passing through the Red Keep's cellars.[27][28]

A Clash of Kings

Aggo compares Drogo, the largest of Daenerys Targaryen's recently-hatched dragons, to Balerion.[2] Daenerys has the three ships sent to her by Illyrio Mopatis renamed Vhagar, Meraxes, and Balerion, to tell the world that dragons have returned.[29]

A Storm of Swords

Tyrion Lannister finds Shae standing nude within the jaws of Balerion or Vhagar in the Red Keep's cellar, her dress draped over a black tooth.[30]

Known riders


Balerion is a willful beast, and not one to be trifled with.[15]

The last living creature in all the world who saw Valyria in its glory.[15]

—writings of Barth

Aegon's dragons were named for the gods of Old Valyria. Visenya's dragon was Vhagar, Rhaenys had Meraxes, and Aegon rode Balerion, the Black Dread. It was said that Vhagar's breath was so hot that it could melt a knight's armor and cook the man inside, that Meraxes swallowed horses whole, and Balerion ... his fire was as black as his scales, his wings so vast that whole towns were swallowed up in their shadow when he passed overhead.[2]

Balerion the Black Dread was two hundred years old when he died during the reign of Jaehaerys the Conciliator. He was so large he could swallow an aurochs whole. A dragon never stops growing, Your Grace, so long as he has food and freedom.[9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 A Game of Thrones, Chapter 13, Tyrion II.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 A Clash of Kings, Chapter 12, Daenerys I.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Aenys I.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Fire & Blood, The Sons of the Dragon.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Fire & Blood, Birth, Death and Betrayal Under King Jaehaerys I.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Jaehaerys I.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
  8. Not a Blog: The Rogues are Coming (March 12, 2014), Reply to question (March 12, 2014)
  9. 9.0 9.1 A Storm of Swords, Chapter 8, Daenerys I.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Fire & Blood, Aegon's Conquest.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 The World of Ice & Fire, The Reign of the Dragons: The Conquest.
  12. The Princess and the Queen.
  13. Fire & Blood, Reign of the Dragon - The Wars of Aegon I.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Fire & Blood, The Long Reign - Jaehaerys and Alysanne: Policy, Progeny, and Pain.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 Fire & Blood, Jaehaerys and Alysanne - Their Triumphs and Tragedies.
  16. 16.0 16.1 The World of Ice & Fire, Ancient History: The Doom of Valyria.
  17. A Dance with Dragons, Chapter 14, Tyrion IV.
  18. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 20, Brienne IV.
  19. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 43, Eddard XI.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Fire & Blood, Reign of the Draogn - The Wars of King Aegon I.
  21. Fire & Blood, Three Heads Had the Dragon - Governance Under King Aegon I.
  22. The World of Ice & Fire, The Targaryen Kings: Maegor I.
  23. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 58, Eddard XV.
  24. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 3, Daenerys I.
  25. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 12, Eddard II.
  26. A Feast for Crows, Chapter 5, Samwell I.
  27. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 32, Arya III.
  28. A Game of Thrones, Chapter 50, Arya IV.
  29. A Clash of Kings, Chapter 63, Daenerys V.
  30. A Storm of Swords, Chapter 58, Tyrion VII.